1.3 Compared to a private pilot, a commercial

           1.3 – Review QuestionsName: Lee Xing LongStudent ID: 2464275Embry Riddle Aeronautical University 1.                  What are the qualifications, certifications, and responsibilities of a commercial pilot?There are many qualifications, certifications, and responsibilities in becoming a commercial pilot.

Compared to a private pilot, a commercial pilot must meet a higher standard because compensation is entitled to flying. To get a commercial pilot’s license, the minimum age requirement is 18 years old and able to communicate effectively in English. The applicant undergoes a physical test that involves a vision test for eyesight. Next, the applicant is required to has a logbook endorsed by an authorized instructor that will conduct training. The instructor will certify the applicant to take the aeronautical knowledge test.

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The applicant must hold a private pilot certificate by learning the basic of the process of flight training such as airplane operations and maintenance and airport communications. The applicant must clock a total of 250 hours that consists of flying in various scenarios. It includes solo flying and pilot-in-command; instrument training; and flying with a designated gear; cross-country flying in both day and night-time. Lastly, the applicant must complete a specified number of take-offs and landings. These criteria are listed in 14CFR PART 61.129,61.131.

A Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) practical test is conducted for the applicant which is monitored by an authorized official.There is a list of responsibilities a commercial pilot must have; conduct a check of the overall condition of the aircraft before and after for every flight that will include the interior and exterior. As the captain in command of the aircraft, he/she holds the highest authority to command and supervise the aircrews within the aircraft and attends to passenger needs on some occasion. Most importantly, the captain holds the responsibility for the safety of all the people on board of the aircraft. The commercial pilot must have the certifications and a photo identification with him/her when piloting the aircraft.2.

                  What are the qualifications, certifications, and responsibilities of an Airframe and Powerplant mechanic?To be eligible for the mechanic certificate, the applicant must be 18 years old and above. He/she is able to read, write and speak English. The applicant must pass all the tests within a period of 24 months. Under 14CFR PART 65.73, the mechanic will be certified for Airframe and Powerplant. The mechanic needs to present either qualified graduation certificate or a certificated aviation maintenance technician that consists of either 18 months of practical experience of knowing the standard of procedure of handling with machine tools and aircraft parts or 30 months of practical experience of given the responsibility to perform duty under airframe and powerplant rating.

The mechanic must pass the written test related to the rating he/she seeks. There is also an oral and practical test on the rating that the mechanic seeks. The mechanic must show his ability to make repairs or alteration of the propeller.

The applicant must be certified under 14CFR PART 147 to show the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspector that he/she is qualified to take the test.The responsibilities of a mechanic are to perform or supervise any maintenance or alteration of an aircraft that includes the exteriors or instruments. The mechanic is given additional duties under 14CFR PART 65.85 and 65.87 to approve the services result of either an airframe or a powerplant propeller after performing and inspecting the maintenance or alteration. The mechanic must keep the certificate within the operating area. He/she must present the certificate upon request by following authorities. 3.

                  What are the qualifications, certifications, and responsibilities of an Air Traffic Controller?In becoming an Air Traffic Controller, the applicant is at least 18 years old with great character and the ability to read, write and understand English. The applicant must be certificated with 14CFR PART 65. The applicant must speak without an accent or distorted speech. Hence, it will interfere the radio conversion between the pilot and the controller. There are massive of written tests for the applicant to take under the flight rules in 14CFR PART 91 that includes Airport traffic control procedures, air navigation, and aviation weather.

The controller must pass a practical test on knowledge of the tower equipment, reporting procedure, traffic patterns, and operating agreement, etc. The controller needs to have at least 6 months of practical experience at any control tower.Air traffic controller monitors and regulates the air traffic within an airport’s airspace or air traffic between airports. The controller gives landing and departure authorization and instruction to assigned planes. In this case, they can direct the flight path that needed to change given in a situation.

They also communicate the weather condition, visibility and wind condition with the pilot using radar frequency and datalink. Lastly, the controller supervises the ground traffic workers..4.                  Describe conditions or constraints that reduce aircraft utilization factors (time available for flying).Some constraints that reduce aircraft utilization factors are average elapsed time per trip, airplane availability and a maximum number of trips. The first constraint is the average time that is needed to fly back and forth.

If the average turn time is reduced by 10 minutes, this will increase the utilization of the airplane. The second constraint is the availability of the airplane is the number of days in one period minus the time for maintenance. The maintenance will decrease the plane flying time in the air.

The third constraint is the maximum number of trip is the plane availability over the average time for a trip. It determines the utilization of the plane in the air.5.                  Analyze the benefits of on-demand business aviation as compared to scheduled airline transportation.For on-demand aviation, there are several benefits, first of which is efficient of the schedule. Although airport has make schedule ride increasing easier, there is always the fear of delay, miscommunication of booking and departure delay in transit flight. On-demand aviation can offer 24/7 flight and the passenger get to choose the timing and the accessible airport. These benefits save time from queuing up and check in for the scheduled flight.

The saved time and free scheduling benefit the productivity and outcome. The service provided for the passenger will be significantly better compared to the chartered flight and overall it will improve the reputation of the airline company. ReferencesCFR. (n.d.). Retrieved January 12, 2018, from https://www.

ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=40760189a03dfea0b501608f33820a45&rgn=div5&view=text&node=14%3A2.0.1.1.

2&idno=14#se14.2.61_1133CFR. (n.d.

). Retrieved January 12, 2018, from https://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?SID=0b304f606e0a239d81cbd1cf7c32363f&mc=true&node=pt14.2.65&rgn=div5#sp14.2.

65.bCFR. (n.d.). Retrieved January 12, 2018, from https://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?SID=0b304f606e0a239d81cbd1cf7c32363f&mc=true&node=pt14.

2.65&rgn=div5#sp14.2.65.dDaniel, P. (n.

d.). Accelerating Efficient Airplane Utilization – Keep ’em Flying. Retrieved January 12, 2018, from http://blogs.ramco.com/accelerating-efficient-airplane-utilization-em-flyingFAA.

(2017). Pilots handbook of aeronautical knowledge: 2016. New York, NY: Skyhorse Publishing.Hertzler, J. (n.d.).

Scheduled vs. On-demand Operations. Retrieved January 13, 2018, from http://www.aviationpros.com/article/10381341/scheduled-vs-on-demand-operationsMirza, M. (n.

d.). Economic Impact of Airplane Turn-Times. Economic Impact of Airplane Turn-Times. Retrieved from http://www.boeing.com/commercial/aeromagazine/articles/qtr_4_08/pdfs/AERO_Q408_article03.pdf    

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