1.4 ProteinTotalnitrogenous substance of a plant consists of complex structure with amino acidsand peptide bonds. It contains the elements carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, hydrogen,oxygen and some other like (iron, phosphorus), also acting as enzyme, servingas hormones and support immune system.
1.4.1Amino AcidsAminoacids are the building blocks of protein; they are organic compounds containingcarboxyl and amine groups and a specific side chain (R group).
Carbon, oxygenand hydrogen are the basic elements of amino acids1.4.2Protein and Amino Acids in OkraOkra contains protein about1.93/100gm (about research). Okra is rich in following amino acids· Threonine· Alanine· Arginine· Valine· Isoleucine · Leucine· Glutamic acid · Aspartic acid1.
4.3Impact of Amino Acids in Human BodyWhenprotein is taken, human body use it in repairing and building of tissues,mainly use to regulate hormones and enzymes activity and also plays animportant role in the maintenance of bones, cartilages, muscles blood and skin.Following amino acids are present in okra which helps to maintain human health.220.127.116.11ThreonineProteinsare biosynthesized by threonine, it consists of carboxyl and amino group andside chain of hydroxyl group which makes it polar and uncharged amino acid.
Theyare essential amino acid which regulates normal protein balance in the body andhelp to promote normal growth, it plays an important role in the formation ofserine and glycine. It imparts in the formation of strong and elastic muscles, strengthenbones and build tooth enamel, also help in recovering injuries and wounds.Threoninealso regulates fat and fatty acid digestion, it combines with methione andaspartic acid to perform lipotropic function of liver, if one could haveinsufficient threonine in body so in result liver failure occur due to fatdeposition and antibodies are also produced by threonine which leads to treat diseaseslike depression.18.104.22.168AlanineAlaninecontains alpha amino and alpha carboxylic acid group and a side chain of methylgroup, which makes it nonpolar.
It is basically non-essential amino acid. Itperforms many essential functions in human body like regulates sugar and acidmetabolism, allow body to convert glucose into energy, prevents cells destructionunder extreme aerobic conditions and it also remove enough toxins from body.