Mobile journalism offers numerous advantages for
news organizations. These
benefits, however, will only materialize if journalists are well
trained for going mobile.
Mobile journalism saves
money. A good, state of the art mobile journal-ism kit costs less than USD
$1,000. Also, you don’t need a large crew and you can make savings on
Large crews and heavy
equipment are no longer needed to report on stories: Journalists with
smartphones can be quicker and can report first during breaking news
situations. Increased mobility also allows journalists to access places
previously inaccessible, either due to bans on journalism, or a natural occurrence.
The safety of journalists is
enhanced. Using a smartphone instead of big and heavy reporting equipment
allows them to be less noticeable and better able to blend in with the crowd.
4. 4K QUALITY
The newest generations of
the iPhone, starting with the iPhone 6S, allow you to shoot, edit and upload 4K
video. Mobile journalism is no longer bound by limited quality. While most TV
news cameras and editing systems are still HD, mobile devices provide 4K quality.
Smartphones are now able to shoot in 4K, a
resolution four times higher than HD content. From the ability to conduct a
three-camera live interview on location using just a three-person crew with
iPads to the ability to add graphics, use drones, or even film in 4k resolution
or ultra HD, apps and accessories are constantly being developed that will
enable journalists to leverage the technological interactive features in the
mini computers that are mobile phones and tablets.
Smartphones can broadcast
live in a simpler and less expensive way than traditional equipment, and live
stream apps have made the process easy. Reaching real-time audiences is a key
consideration for newsrooms, as is the ability to measure content performance
through real-time statistics. Live streaming through social platforms allows
journalists to engage with their audience while broadcasting. Choose the right
app based on your broadcasting needs, target audience, and technical costs,
amongst other criteria.
6. MAKES THE JOB EFFICIENT
Mobile journalists can
transmit direct to the newsroom. One click and the newsroom has a full news
story delivered by email or shared through the cloud. Also, with the right
training the journalist can be their own cameraman, editor and designer.
7. THE IMPACTS ON STORYTELLING
“It is also thought that media
outlets can obtain more videos of unexpected events because Journalist carry a
mobile in their pocket”: Jokela, Vataja and Koponen, 2009, (page 51).
have opened the door to audio-visual storytelling for millions of people who
want to inspire positive action and create social impact. One mobile
phone. That’s all you need to be a mobile journalist, or a mojo, as
practitioners call themselves.
If they have been attracting attention for several years, starting
wasn’t particularly easy. As mobile phones’ cameras and audio recorders improved,
the internet saw a huge increase in the number of amateur videos uploaded to
platforms like YouTube. But in some newsrooms, a few tech-savvy journalists saw
the opportunity to use their mobiles as a reporting tool. From capturing and sharing photos, audio and video, to
editing content and streaming live, smartphones can complement traditional
storytelling tools and allow you to reach audiences in new and innovative ways.
In principle in today’s digital sphere
we tell stories in short and compact mini-formats, which we link and as such
extend. One important finding is: You can only understand and learn more of
this exciting new digital way to tell stories and link knowledge, if you work
with it hands-on. You can’t just theorise about it. Short clips and stories, in
real-time, multimedia, produced on mobile only and almost instantly shared on
social media. After firstly interviewing 11 reporters, Finnish
Journalist Panu Karhunen found that journalists were able to physically tell
stories that would have been impossible with a large TV camera and multi-person
crew, while capturing more genuine and intimate content.
7.EASE OF HANDLING THE EQUIPMENT
With smartphone cameras becoming ever more
sophisticated and with the right apps and strong skills, journalists are ready
to start experimenting. To enhance quality and advance the mobile journalism
experience, mobile journalists can use hardware add-ons and adapt the basic
mobile journalism kit to a cutting edge setup tailored for any specific need.
(Mobile Journalism, p 17) The smartphone, a
device barely larger than the viewfinder on a professional ENG camera, has
begun turning the video newsgathering world upside down. It is so small, mobile
and easy to use that dedicated videographers are not needed to operate it.
(Reporters who shoot their own video are known as VJs—video journalists, and
mojos—mobile journalists.) Large crews and heavy equipment are no longer
needed to report on stories: Journalists with smartphones can be quicker and
can report first during breaking news situations. Increased mobility also
allows journalists to access places previously inaccessible, either due to bans
on journalism, or a natural disaster. Mobile journalists can transmit
direct to the newsroom. One click and the newsroom has a full news story
delivered by email or shared through the cloud. Also, with the right training
the journalist can be their own cameraman, editor and designer. Mobile
journalism saves money. Also, you don’t need a large crew and you can make
savings on production costs.
8. THE PERFORMANCE
“all-in-one-device” feature of smartphones can increase the
geographical and physical accessibility. Due to the new network technology and
constantly developing applications, a mobile journalist can work entirely on
location. A journalist is able to shoot and edit videos, take photos, write
stories and send the finished packages straight from the field to the newsroom.
It is also possible to distribute live broadcasts from a smartphone to social
media platforms or the media outlet’s own website. When the bad weather hits
and homes and businesses are flooded we can field five or six times as many
cameras as our opposition. We are able to get really close to the people
affected and our stories are more powerful as a result. Whenever you pull out a
(full-sized) television camera, you become the center of attention. With a
small digital camera, you can get a lot more footage by being discreet (Stone,
2002). The most obvious advantage of mobile is that a journalist can stay at
the location and keep producing edited updates as the story breaks. This will
become more important as journalists begin to produce more video and their
video editors become inundated with media. Think of the mojo as like the Swiss
army knife. It is useful if you are alone in the forest and have to fend for
yourself. Better to have this tool rather than nothing. The same applies for
breaking news: a mojo is perfect for breaking news, for getting multi-media
onto a web site from the scene of the action.
9. THE FUTURE OF MOJO REVOLUTION
advancements in mobiles phones are changing the way journalist report live news
and stories. Improved speed and capacity has provided reporters to share online
content million times more powerful than before. News gathering potential boost
up is due to increased mobile phones equipped cameras and it made live
streaming of videos, photos and other content relatively way more easy. Video is expected to account
for 70% of mobile traffic within the next five years, driven by
faster 4G roll outs and upgrades to LTE-advanced that deliver 5G-like services
and 1.3G/second Wi-Fi connectivity. Mobile video (both editorial and
advertorial) is expected to reach US$25B globally in 2021. Audiences
are now authoritative news gatherers, editors, publishers and distributors.
They are in the right place at the right time and have, in the palm of their
hands, the technology needed to capture, edit and publish news that appeals to
today’s video-hungry viewers. In addition to
search and social, which are fairly obvious trends for journalists at this
point, there are some other noteworthy technological advances for journalists
as well. Mobile is a huge change, and one that advertisers keep in mind. As far
as journalists are concerned, the most important aspect of mobile, is mobile
summaries. Whether you use an app to summarize articles for mobile, or have
people do it, as some publishers have opted, mobile summaries are a must. Many
people claim journalism is dying. As someone who has made a living off of
writing online, I dispute that. While the days of working in newsrooms straight
out of college may be over, the internet has opened doors that never before
existed. If journalists stay current in digital trends that are transforming
their field, then they will likely stay working.
10. THE ROLE OF SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES.
Social networks are not just
useful tools for journalists, they are also powerful new aggregators and
distribution networks, which threaten to further disrupt the already uncertain
economics of the internet. The click and link economy has tended to work
against traditional publishers, disaggregating content and allowing search
engines and web portals to take a significant slice of the available revenues.
Now, social networks like Facebook are becoming the portals of the twenty first
century: a key starting point for web journeys and a place where audiences are spending
more and more time. The popularity and time spent with social
networking sites is changing the way people
spend their time online and the way in which they share and interact in their
daily lives. This is creating new challenges for the media and advertising
industries. Social networks provide competition to traditional publishers for
consumer attention and at the same time they are opening up new ways of
engaging and connecting with audiences. It is important to note that the usage
of social sites is highly uneven. A recent Harvard business school survey found
that 10 percent of twitter users generate more than 90 percent of the content
and most people have only ‘tweeted’ once. This suggests that many people are
using twitter more as a one way publishing service than a two way, peer to peer
communication network. There are three key reasons for the growth of news and
information in social networks: 1. Facebook created a news and activity feed in
September 2006, which has become a default setting on a user’s homepage. This
has encouraged more linking to mainstream news sites. It has since made it
easier to include links and recommendations from other news related sites. 2.
Mainstream audiences are now using social networks and they have brought their interests
and preoccupations, including the sharing of news. Facebook’s dramatic growth
in global audience (December 2007–December 2008) came from people aged. 3.
Websites have provided icons or buttons to allow easy sharing and linking and
otherwise promoted social networks. Audio video integration with YouTube has
proved a huge boon because of the younger demographic; now news sites are doing
the same. Newspapers and media companies have started to establish
specialist marketing groups to
exploit and monitor the impact of content in these spaces.