Abortion is a very controversial and emotional issue in today’s society. By definition, abortion is “the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy.” Is abortion murder? Is it ethical? Some may argue that abortion is taking away a life. However, the matter isn’t as black and white as that. Women should have the right to choose whatever happens to their bodies as a pregnancy shifts one’s course of life. “Being pro choice is trusting is trusting the individual to make the right decision for herself and her family, and not entrusting that decision to anyone wearing the authority of government in any regard”.
(Clinton, Hilary)Women are empowered by reproductive choices as it gives them control and responsibility over their lives. Their decisions made about their own health and body should not be intruded by the government. Their decisions made are ultimately based on the realities surrounding the situation. “It’s about the choice of how to have the child, where to have that child, and whether a woman has the means to have that child.” Pelaeaz is a first generation college going American who grew up in a family of poverty and lack. She found out that she was pregnant when she started out in a local community college.
She kept the pregnancy from friends and family due to the social “stigma associated with it”. She was on birth control at the time which failed. She was in no position to raise a child and was determined to break the cycle of poverty her family had with teenage mothers. She wanted to set a better course for the future generations of her family. It’s society and the conservative culture we live by that judges women who chooses abortion. It’s much more than a decision whether to have a child or not.
It is a decision that shifts a woman’s course of life drastically.A 2010 review by Britain’s Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists found that “the cortex that is necessary for pain reception does not become fully functional until at least the 26th week of a fetus development, long after most abortions are performed.” This proves that fetuses are not capable of feeling the sensation of pain during abortion. A similar research was done by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologist in 2012 that found that “there is no legitimate scientific information that supports the statement that a fetus experiences pain”. Fetuses cannot feel pain until 29th or 30th weeks.
However, abortions on fetuses that late into pregnancy are prohibited by the state of law. Reactions seen from fetuses when they “detect pain” are reflexes. According to the National Sexual Assault Hotline, an American is sexually assaulted every 98 seconds.
Rape victims experience traumatic side effects such as post traumatic stress (PTSD) and suicidal thoughts; especially when an unwanted pregnancy occurs. Women aren’t given the alternative to choose whether or not they want to be pregnant when they are raped. It is only humane to then give women the option to choose whether or not they want to keep and raised the child that is not conceived forced fully. A rape victim who made the brave decision to raise the child at age 17 accounts that her son “looks like her rapist” and it frightens her.
She is constantly reminded of the traumatic rape experience when she looks at him. If abortion is illegal, a rape victim will have to put her unwanted baby up for adoption. This could set up the child for a hard and uncertain life since adoption centers are generally very full. There is no guarantee that the child will find a loving family to be raised in. Isn’t it better for the child to be aborted till the woman has the means to raise her baby right in the better situation? Pro-life activist would argue on the premise that “the fetus is a human being, a person, from the moment of conception”.
Melody compares the situation to the “development of an acorn into an oak tree” A newly fertilised fetus is just a clump of newly implanted actively dividing cells. It is “no more a person than an acorn is an oak tree”. Melody questions the fundamentality of how does one reach the conclusion that “abortion is morally impermissible” through that premise.
Fetuses are not viable on their own. They are not self-determining beings. Abortion is the termination of a yet self sustaining and unviable being, not a baby. A person’s age is determined by calculating his lifespan since birth, not since conception. Based on the landmark decision of Roe vs Wade issued in 1973, the word “person”, as referenced in The Fourteenth Amendment, does include “the unborn”.
An argument that some people can make when they’re against abortion is that abortion is unsafe and dangerous. But that is a terrible misconception. It is stated by The American Medical Association and The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists that “Abortion is one of the safest medical procedures performed in the United States.” Published in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology, “pregnancy-related complications were more common with childbirth than abortion as a woman’s risk of dying from having an abortion is 0.6 in 100,000 , while the risk of dying from giving birth is 14 times higher”. It was also stated that the death rate of colonoscopy is 40 times higher that than of abortion. In the Republican-controlled state of Texas that has one of the “most restrictive abortion laws in the country” and “the mass closure of women’s health clinics”, the death rates increased from “18 deaths per 100,000 births in 2006” to “36 deaths per 100,000 births in 2014” (Yang). Maternal mortality rates has been higher than abortion death rates.
It is a safe option for women to have the right to have abortion at a legal practice. Abortion will always be a controversial topic in today’s progressive society. Despite all the controversy and arguments, we have to accept to the fact that there will always be two sides to this issue, pro-life and pro-choice.
I am a stern advocate for the pro-choice movement because i stand for the right to privacy and reproductive control for a woman. “No woman can call herself free who does not control her own body” (Margaret Sander)