Abstract issues especially Israel-Palestine which has remained chronic

Abstract

This paper is about the recent policy of United States
recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital under Trump Administration. As the
role of US has been as a mediator between Palestine-Israel conflicts since
1948, but now US has abdicated its role by taking side of Israel. This paper
will discuss US role in Palestine-Israel conflict and how these policies
affected the entire region and a number of violations of International law.
Many of previous presidents of United States had made this claim during their
election campaigns, but they were unable to deliver. Only this time happened
that trump administration has taken measures to shift their embassy to
Jerusalem and none of the countries of the world has their embassy in Jerusalem
because the world community understands the sensitivity of this place and any
wrong decision would be dangerous for international peace. The methodology of
this paper will be qualitative which include study of previous research papers
on US role in Palestine-Israel conflict and recent news paper articles.

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Methodology

The methodology of this paper would be qualitative which
previous published research papers, president of United States speeches and
news paper articles which will be analyzed through content analysis method.

 

International law is body of statutes and regulations which are
abide and respected by all the nations, it is cohesive force which must be glued
through letter and spirit by all the nations but sometimes national interests
overpower this, whose examples are numerous paving ways towards tensions at international
stage. The most dangerous and causing thunders at international stage are
unsettled issues especially  Israel-Palestine
which has remained chronic since 1948 and reason of dispersion for international
peace and security.

International law proved a satisfactory for solving the
problems like UK-Norway, Libya-Chad issues, Pakistan-India Indus water treaty
but the powerful and resultant   nations
not only violate international law but always persuade others to do so,
US-Vietnam War, US Iraq invasion of 2003, KSA’s Violations of international
laws while fighting Hothi Rebels in Yemen. 
21st century after 9/11 has turned more aggressive and violent due the
actions of major powers in the process of tackling extremism, but meanwhile
labeling freedom struggles as fundamentalism and terrorism in Kashmir and
Palestine.

Human rights violation is on the peak in Palestine .These
include  unlawful killings, forced
displacement, abusive detention, unjustified restriction on movement,
discriminatory policies ,abusive practices in the name of security etc. unlawful
killings takes place on daily basis there . Israeli authorities transfer its
civilians to different areas there where they provide protection and all needs
for their settlers, separate and unequal system of laws are followed. Thousands
of acres of land is captured by force there in the name of infrastructure and
other settlements. Israeli settlements on Palestine land are considered illegal
by international community. International court of justice in 2004 summarizes
an advisory opinion in which they mention Israel violating international law
and basic human rights.

The key issues of Israel –Palestine conflict are: mutual
recognition, borders, demarcation 
security, Rights regarding water issues, control of Jerusalem a
major  blow for  Palestine , Israeli settlements, Palestinian
independence of movement, and Palestinian right of revisit. The violence of the
conflict, cultural and religious interest worldwide, has been the object of
numerous international conventions dealing with historic rights, security
issues and human rights, and has been a factor impeding tourism in and general
access to areas that are hotly contested.

World has been remained non-committed towards
Palestine-Israel problem which is decades old and continually swelling the
wounds of Palestine people who faced 
extra-territorial invasion by Zionist who were abducted and prosecuted
by Hitler in Europe during WW2. Jews claim holy land as their so called ‘   promised land’ which has been essentially
home of Palestine Arab population.

    US policy towards Palestine
and Israel is very major in other words this conflict is incomplete without mentioning
America here. Countries relationships depend on its interests over there, US
has a great interest in the Middle East it supports Israel there and Israel
promotes American aims and actions there. Israel acts as a counter to Arab
nationalist movements by its military actions. US has proved to be a keen
supporter of Israel since its inception due to various reasons  for instant 
after WW2  Harry S Truman was
estranged in cold war but  did
horrific  underpins to Palestine cause as
he thought  that the Jewish  population and their resources would stop
powering American  economy , USSR rivalry
was another factors his backing of Israel but 
at the same time sided with  two
states solution, but never ever  a solid
step towards this was taken at the cost of Israel. During cold war USSR
inclined to Arabs and supplied ammunition and military hardware and US had to
counter the influence of USSR and to check its power provided necessary moral,
diplomatic, military and economic support to the Israel; it is claimed that US and
USSR were fighting the cold war with left hand controlling with the right to
not indulge in world level conflict.

During cold war US was focused on containment of USSR but
continuously veto in the favor of Israel every resolution presented in UNSC. Either
democrats or Republicans all the candidates for Presidency in USA were support of
providing Israelis but their harsh policies did not actually implemented
because of their long term impacts on international peace and stability as
Muslims throughout the globe supported Palestine cause may be in lower tunes.

President Truman’s policy in history contributed great role
to this Israel Palestine conflict. During Truman’s reign America built pressure
on Britain to permit approximately 100 000 European Jewish immigrants for their
movement to Palestine especially to the Jerusalem. After this settlement
president Truman helped European Jewish immigrants to settle in Palestine. President
Truman play key role for establishing Jewish state in 1947 .Truman extended
recognition to the state of Israel barely 15 minute after its declaration.

US Congress in 1995 declared Jerusalem as a capital of Israel
through Jerusalem embassy act and passed a law for it in which it was described
that Jerusalem should not be divided it should be a pure and undivided capital
and part of Israel state. Accordingly this law US embassy should be moved to Jerusalem
by 1999. In 1993 bill Clinton favored to move US embassy to Jerusalem which was
not happened. In 2000, republican candidate George bush promised to move his
embassy to Jerusalem which also could not be happened during his reign .In
2008, democratic candidate Barrack Obama called Jerusalem as a capital of Israel
but during his reign he was also unable to shift US embassy over there. In his
last press conference Obama clearly said that it could be very harmful and
explosive if it happens. During Trump campaign for president he declared Jerusalem
a capital of Israel and wished to move US embassy over there and he said this
will be done very quickly. Trump on December 6, 2017 announced that Jerusalem
is capital of Israel and will move US embassy to Jerusalem very soon.

Mr. Trump is no less than a racist, neo-Nazi or a hardliner
fundamentalist who describes national interests in such a vague and absurd
manner which destroys good will and element of mutual trust at the level of
international community.  The policy
announced and pronounced by  Trump
Administration about Jerusalem as the de jure and de facto capital of state of
Israel has sent shock waves 
throughout  the capitals of
Muslims states and a strong response has been emerged  which is proving fatal for world peace which
is already under threat. New policies are making no rationale and heinous consequences
are ahead.

By neglecting Palestine issue US is violating UN charter
which argues for international peace, friendly relations among all the nations
of the world, to promote mutual respect and harmony through non-aggression, to
solve international conflicts through cooperation, by refraining from violating
security or integrity of any entity by any means. US has violated all above mentioned
agendas and statues which by accepting international harmony and peace for all
quarters can be guaranteed.

Decision of Trump is criticized and condemned all over the
world .Palestinian president Muhammad Abbas and Palestinian Christian leader
rejected this decision .Turkey’s Prime Minister Binali Yildirim and Saudi Arabia
king Salman bin Abdul-Aziz also rejected this decision  they said that Islamic world is united
against this decision .Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan warn America to
step back from his ugly decision .Malaysian leader Najib Razak headed a protest
involving thousands of Muslims against Trump’s 
decision . All Islamic states including Pakistan, Iran, Qatar, Syria,
Egypt, Jordan, and Libya condemned Trump’s decision and demanded to take back
his decision favoring Israel in OIC meeting held in Turkey. Chief of European Union
criticized this decision in UN Security Council on DEC 7, 2017 they held a
meeting where 14 out of 15 members criticized and condemned Trump’s decision. Also
before Trump’s decision in NOV 2017, 151 nations of General assembly rejected Israel
claims of recognition Jerusalem as a capital of Israel. After Trump’s decision
in General assembly 128 countries condemned Trump’s act and only 9 countries favored
it.

 United Nations
general assembly and its 15-member security council maintain international
peace and international security. From very start UNO involved in this conflict
but unable to solve this issue. In 1947 they planned partition for Palestine
and in 1948 they called Jerusalem no man’s land. In June 1967 Israel defeated 3
Arabs state only in 6 days and captured land over Palestine during this war UN Security
Council asked Israel to withdraw its armed forces from recently occupied areas.
In 1973, 1978, 1990, 1991 2000 UN played a role regarding this issue or played
a minor role. UNO is up till now unable to stop violation of international law
in Palestine. UNO is totally failed there.

Jerusalem
is a spiritual place of Muslims, Christians, Judaism and Abrahamic religions
.Every country and every religion has its own interest and faith there as a
result different conflicts takes place which destroys life of natives living there.
USA is superpower whose role must be fair and equal but this is not something
good US support Israel there because of its great interest in middle east, US
decisions over this conflict are always one-sided .UNO is not playing his role
in a right way it does not accept Palestine a state . Behavior of US and UNO is
unsatisfied. Israel Palestine conflict is very serious and controversial issue
it must be solved fairly to maintain international peace and security .Peace is
not an easy come outcome but requires heeded struggle and its inverse is
destruction  which may not be suited to
anyone in this  nuclear age which can
trigger any conflict to  Armageddon by
exhausting  millions of people with the
trigger of  single bomb, the  global approaches are changing from
globalization to internal protectionism and 
neo-radicalization and excessive 
self centered  approach .  Now, it is need of time for countries like US
to show responsibility towards global peace by undoing ling held practice of
abandoning Palestine issue by violating all the international rules and regulations
to be exclusively polarized towards Israel. USA must realize that gone are the
days when its sole hegemonic power was unchallenged and unopposed.

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