Uncontrollable flooding inside and
outside of the campus of the University of Santo Tomas have been causing problems
to the University through out the years. According to Tomas (2015), The limited
flow capacity of the drainage due to clogged waste materials such as garbage,
sediments and heavy siltation has been a major cause of it. Also, unutilized
and undersized drainage as well as uneven slopes of the opening of the drainage
has been a contributing factor as to why the University is easily flooded
during rainy seasons. An urgent effective flood control system is essential
nowadays to pacify these problems in flooding.
The proposed flood control system includes
pumping and recycling system that will reduce the volume of flood in the campus.
The pumping system will consist of a pumping mechanism which is a device that
collects floodwater and removes foreign materials that clog inside of a drainage.
The collected floodwater will be directed to the water treatment facility inside
the University that will be then treated to be reused.
It targets to improve the current
flood control system around the campus without doing major civil works that are
costly and can be a big problem to the students and also to some motorists. This
also improves the quality of our drainage despite of its old design that can no
longer accommodate the volume of flood nowadays. Also, in lined with the
University’s green campaign, this will serve as another resource of water that
could be utilized and used by the whole campus.
1.1 Statement of the Problem
The University of Santo Tomas is known to be one of the areas that is
easily flooded in Sampaloc, Manila. Many solutions had already been proposed to
pacify the problem but the same problem had been occurring through the years.
The first problem is that the drainage systems around the campus is not
properly maintained. Those drainage systems used was built years ago, the
design and capacity of the drainage can no longer meet the volume of water that
is produced during heavy rainfall. Another problem is the continuous road
repairworks done and lastly, due to its topographic location that is close to
the sea level.
The main purpose of the study is to make
the flood easily subside and make it for water recycling . Specifically, it
attempts to answer the following research objectives:
Reduce the volume of floodwater in the
Improve quality of drainage;
Utilize the floodwater collected;
Support the water treatment campaign of the
Lessen damage of properties due to flood.
1.3 Hypothesis of the Study
floodcontrol system will fasten the subsidence of the flood and serve as a alternative water supply for
1.4 Significance of the Study
This study will be beneficial to the University, business establishments
inside the campus and the people. Implementing the proposed flood control
system inside the UST campus will improve the health, safety and most
especially quality of life to the people in the area. First, the University can
assure safety to its community. This safety is for student, administrators,
faculties, priest, visitors for the hospitals. Second, Business establishments
inside the campus will no longer experience loss, damage of properties due to
flood, there will be no longer of delay of goods and since the volume of
floodwater will be reduced, major roads that are easily flooded such as Espana Boulevard
and Lacson Avenue will still be accessible even during heavy rainfall.
1.5 Scope and Limitation
The proposed flood control system will be used by the whole UST campus
to mitigate its problem about flood control. The process of collecting
floodwater and reusing it has already been done centuries ago. This is called
“Floodwater Harvesting”. Studies and research about pumping mechanism, water
treatment and distributing system or reservoir was used to further develop this
study. The pumping mechanism will be powered by electrical power wh
ile, the centrifugal force produced by the pumping
mechanism will be the one to collect and filter waste materials that are
included in the flood water.
The study will not include areas outside the campus. A certain amount of floodwater can only be
collected due to the limited water storage capacity of the reservoir. The
treatment process of the floodwater will not be discussed in this study but the
recycled water will be used only for toilet water and watering plants for it is
still not safe to be consumed.