Dengue virus is a well-known infection. It is caused by fourtypes of viruses mainly DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4 come from theFlaviviridae family. The viruses are spread through the bite of infected Aedesaegypti mosquitoes that feed throughout the day. Mostly, these mosquitoes canbe found in places with stagnant water, including water tanks, tires,containers, and puddles. Some effects of this infection are flu-like illnessand lethal disease which is severe dengue.
In recent years, the cases of dengue have risen excessivelyaround the world. An estimated 390 million dengue cases are reported per year,96 million shown clearly. Another report, of frequentness of dengue, calculated3.
8 billion people, in 128 countries are in danger because of dengue viruses.The incidence of dengue cases recounted, elevated from 2.2 million to 3.2million in 2010 to 2015 respectively. Although the global encumbers ofinfection is unstable, the installation of activities to account initiallyillustrates the due accretion in the number of cases recorded in precedingyears. More than 100 countries in the WHO regions of Africa, America, theEastern Mediterranean, South-East Asia, and the Western Pacific regions arefacing this problem.
Previously the number of recorded cases has resumedarising. Almost 2.3 million cases of dengue were recorded only in America in2015. 10 300 cases were recognized as severe dengue resulting 1180 deaths(Bhatt S, 2015).
Nationally, the Philippines has declared dengue cases.Regions where most affected by dengue are Central Visayas, Central Luzon,Calabarzon, Metro Manila and Soccsksargen. Dengue happens nationally and donethroughout the year in the Philippines especially in urban and pre-urbanplaces. Transmission of the infection happens throughout the rainy season, Maydown to November (International Association for Medical Assistance totravelers, 2016). 43, 780 cases, 250 deaths and 85 casualties were reported andrecorded by the Department of Health.
Generally, there were 6,281 dengue casesin Central Visayas, 5,146 in Central Luzon, 5,008 in Calabarzon, 5,565 in MetroManila, and 4,863 in Soccsksargen. There also provinces affected by denguevirus including Cebu (12%), South Cotabato (6.4%), and Pampanga (4.7%) (TheManila Times).Locally, there is also a number of dengue cases. Accordingto the annual morbidity record of Maco Main Health Center in September 2017,there are 4 people were affected by dengue in Maco.