Television industry grew as a hardware in the nineties.
Besides hardware, the country has earned high reputation in the development of software. It is a fast growing sector of Indian economy. The production of audio system registered a phenomenal growth in recent years.
The Indian electronic industry is contributing a lot to the space technology as well. Bangalore has emerged as the electronic capital of India. Other major electronic goods producing centres are Hyderabad. Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Kanpur, Pune, Lucknow and Coimbatore. Software Technology Parks have been developed at 18 centres in the country. These centres provide single window service and high data communication facility to the software experts.
The advancement in information technology (IT; has a profound impact on country’s economy and people’s lifestyle. The IT revolution has opened up new possibilities of economic and social transformation.
The Indian software industry has emerged as one of the fastest growing sectors in the economy with a compound annual growth rate exceeding 50 per cent over the last decade. Point the revenue aggregate of IT-ITES industry is expected to grow by about 15 percent and reach US$ 87.6 billion in 2011-12. The Indian software and services exports including ITES, BPO as estimated at US$ 68.7 Billion in year 2011-12. The Indian software professionals have already created their brand image in the global market.
India’s software industry has achieved a remarkable distinction for providing excellent quality products. A large number of international quality certification. Moreover, majority of the multinational companies operating in the area of Information Technology have either Software Development Centre or Research Development Centre in India.
India has however failed to make a dent in the hardware sector.
Indian electronics industry is also contributing a lot to space technology. India has launched several indigenously built satellites including APPLE, INSAT-I series and INSAT-2 series. The remote sensing programme of the Indian Remote Sensing Organisation at Hyderabad has also gained a lot from industry. The significant milestone of the Indian Space Programme during the year 2002-03 is the seventh launch of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, SHAR-Sriharikota on September 12, 2002 which successfully placed the 1,060 kg METSAT (Later renamed KALPANA-1) in a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). India is among the six nations of the world to attain such a capability.
In future ISRO plans to launch IRS spacecraft with better spatial resolution and capable of imaging in more spectral bands. The upcoming remote sensing satellites are the resources at Cartosat-I, Cartosat 2 and RISAT (Radar Imaging Satellite). In addition to making a commendable contribution to telecom services, electronics industry has revolutionised paging and cellular telecom. Paging which started in the mid fifties has come a long way and has been adopted at a phenomenal pace in the market.
This growth has come at a time when people had given up pagers for dead with the advent of cellular telephon. There were 65,000 cellular subscribers in 1995.