Every to change and in doing so may

Every revolution that has ever occured was the need of a great change or advancement for society. Political revolutions happen when the governed people of a overpowering government decide that enough is enough and something needs to change and in doing so may put innocent people in harm’s way. When a nation is being ruled by a tyrannous government, many core social aspects and will power of the people are diminished and stripped from everyday life. In the novel 1984 written by George Orwell many uses of literary terms such as repetition, oxymorons, and irony to demonstrate how too much power given to the government can be detrimental to society. In 1984 there are many examples that can be seen that show the use of repetition that Orwell uses to demonstrate how Big Brother is detriment to the people under his rule. In a government that has too much power over its people, some everyday things can be hard to get because they are too expensive to import or the government simply does not want anyone to have such items.  The book shows this with the use of some repetition with the use of the word coffee when Winston says, “…of roasting coffee–real coffee, not Victory Coffee–came floating out into the street… For perhaps two seconds he was back in the half-forgotten world of his childhood” (Orwell 70). Some of these things in the novel that Big Brother does not want or does not allow citizens to have are items such as coffee. Through the reader’s appeal of ethics, the author persuades to the reader that too much government is detrimental to society. Throughout the novel, there are many cases and instances of repetition such as quotes and slogans by the Party, the government body of the novel, represent government control. The author displays this through the character, Winston, who he lives in the society of Oceania which is controlled by the Party, as he experiences all the examples of so much governmental control, “It was one of those pictures which are so contrived that the eyes follow you about when you move. Big brother is watching you , the caption beneath it ran…There was one on the house front immediately opposite. Big brother is watching you, the caption said…” (Orwell 1-2). The use of posters such like this portrays that the Party is watching one’s every move, and in a sense should not be the case in a society since most people ethically think that it is wrong for a governmental body, such as that of the party, to have so much influence and information on one’s lives and everyday tendencies.The propaganda embedded in Winston’s and the whole society’s mind while also manipulating and changing past events. Throughout the novel, the Party constantly used their most used slogan as propaganda, “war is peace, freedom is slavery, ignorance is strength” (Orwell 104). Each one of these comparisons made are polar opposites in reality and minds, so to say that they are the same such as “war is peace” is ethically wrong. The reader also feels as if the characters and society of Oceania is constantly lied to, such as in this case, but as stated before, the Party has complete control over society so most characters do not think of how wrong the Party is and how much they have been fooled by them. The author also creates a world of a government that can use propaganda to force people to forget about another person. In the book, a character named Syme had committed a “crime” and immediately was gone completely, “Syme had vanished. A morning came, and he was missing from work; a few thoughtless people commented on his absence. On the next day nobody mentioned him… Syme had ceased to exist; he had never existed” (Orwell 147). Losing someone one knows is significant in the modern society today, they mourn the loss and never forget them. Ethically, erasing someone from history completely like they never existed is wrong; Syme should not have been forgotten but by the 3rd day according to the novel, only Winston noticed his absence while everyone else acted like nothing changed. Propaganda used in this novel shows how much control the Party has on the society and how the society is corrupted and ruined. Alongside repetition and propaganda, the author uses foreshadow throughout the novel with the Party’s control over young generations and also the poor community of Oceania. Towards the beginning of the novel, Winston is caught by a couple of his neighbors kids committing thoughtcrime, the crime against thinking or plotting to throw the government, when his diary is left often with the words “down with big brother” scribbled on the page it was opened to. This then led to the Parson kids finding it and run around calling Winston a traitor, “‘You’re a traitor!’ yelled the boy. ‘You’re a thought-criminal! You’re a Eurasian spy! I’ll shoot you, I’ll vaporize you, I’ll send you to the salt mines'” (Orwell 23). In society, the Party starts manipulating younger generations to recognize thoughtcrime committed by their own parents and guardians which then leads to the elimination of the person who committed thoughtcrime and their entire history. Because of this, readers feel a sense of protection for these kids as they are too easily manipulated by the Party. Also, the author hints at that Winston might be killed off in the novel because of his thoughtcrimes and force the reader to feel fearful of that his ideas to overthrow the Party might go wasted. The author also uses the poor community, or the Proles to foreshadow what needs to happen to take down the Party, “If there is hope wrote Winston it lies in the proles (Orwell 69). The introduction to the proles and this idea makes the reader feel a sense of hope as well as Winston, which is then crushed because of the proles being suppressed by the Party in terms of education and the fact they have to waste time working to live. The use of foreshadow by the author supports and shows how the Party’s control is detrimental to Oceania such as how a government in the real world can be detrimental. The scenario of total governmental power is not just a horror story found in fictional novels, but a genuine reality in other countries. In the Soviet era in Russia’s history, communism allowed the government to dictate how everyday life is layed out for the citizens of the Soviet Union. While Joseph Stalin was in charge of the communist country he took little attention to those who were dying of starvation at home and focused all of the government’s spending on increasing the military which ultimately led to the deaths of one to one and a half million citizens 1946 to 1947 because of starvation. If the people the citizens in Soviet Russia had more say in what their money was spent on there definitely would not have been a famine so large or at all. Similarly the communist government in North Korea does not allow its citizens to voice their opinions and have a say in their government. The North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un, often has his government watching citizen’s every move and limiting their knowledge and connection to the outside world, which is a lot of governmental control which is critical to the North Korean Society. Overall, the use of literary devices by George Orwell in 1984 appeal to a person’s feelings and ethics to prove how too much governmental control can be detrimental to a society. The Party of Oceania creates a very controlled and totalitarian style body that has immense power over its citizens. The Party can be related to that of North Korea and other governmental bodies to show what societies need to prevent from happening or all these freedoms they currently have will be gone in an instant.  

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