Mesopotamia – “The Cradle of Civilization.” It is indeed a cradle, starting the first civilizations on Earth: Sumer, Babylonia, Hatti (Hittites), Phoenicia, Assyria, Chaldea, Persia, and Hebrews. Mesopotamia is located between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River, in present day Iraq. Traders, nomadic herders, and invaders all easily overcame the few natural barriers around the Fertile Crescent. (The Fertile Crescent is located between the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf, including Mesopotamia.

) As a result, the region became a crossroad where people and ideas met. Each new group that arrived made its own significant contribution to the history of the region. Here at, we provide you with information about Mesopotamia, its civilizations, and its cultures. With to the point facts provided, you’ll be able to learn about early civilizations the quick and easy way.

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To start, click on the side bar.Here’s a brief timeline of the events that occurred during the ancient Middle East.First cities – c.

3500BC Invention of the wheel – c. 3200BC Cuneiform invented – c. 3100BC First bronze tools – c. 3000BC First written laws – c.

2350BC King Sargon unites Mesopotamia – c. 2330BC Hammurabi rules Babylon – c. 1792-1750BC Israelites leave Egypt – c.

1250BC Phoenician alphabet invented – c. 1000BC Cavalry first used in warfare by Assyrians – c. 883BC Phoenician colony of Carthage founded – c. 814BC Nebuchadnezzar rules Babylon / builds Hanging Gardens – c. 605-562BC


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