Immigration

In the last two decades, immigration has become a pressing issue and has in turn led to an explosion of theories and research trying to find out its main causes. The main causes of existence of immigration are due to superiority of American economy as compared to other economies, and also religious and political reasons.

The main one is the dissatisfaction by the people of their native’s land economic lot in comparison to the might of United States. An article by the New York Times on immigration and emigrants dated February 2 2011 is one of the recent editorials that are keen to talk about immigration in certain states in United States. The concern raised is the fact that illegal immigrants were more than the legal ones.

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A state like Arizona had introduced laws that were seeking the immigrants to carry their papers all the time. Though the laws in Arizona were blocked, there was a resolution by many states that they introduce laws similar to the ones in Arizona that aimed at limiting illegal immigrants’ children from accessing public colleges, as well as punishing employers who were employing illegal immigrants (New Work Times Para 6).

Denial of some essential services to the children of immigrants should not be a solution to solving the problem of immigration. The mistakes done by the parents should not be directed to their children, though there is need to curb such illegal actions. More attention should be focused on showing love and having empathy. The fact that some of these people have gone through so much in their lives should make us want to help them rather than find means and ways of restricting them on some of the essential services of their lives.

Denial of these services will only worsen their lives and may not be a solution in fighting against illegal immigration, which should be sought to be minimized through measures like controlling the borders to ensure that the entry of them is at its minimum. The spirit of egalitarianism should be up help where the immigrants are considered as part of our society and there are such benefits that occur with these people being part of our society. Instead, these people should be assimilated in our system as they form a larger society (Brittan 69).

The benefits brought about by having the immigrants should first be focused before having roles that are aimed at denying services to the immigrants. To start with, economically having the immigrants increases the country’s income through having more taxpayers in the country. The same is extended where the country has more workers in our organizations, the fact that there is an increase of the workers base means we are likely to have more production in our organization.

There is also so much we can gain from the diversity that we get from having different kinds of people in our organization. They offer so much in terms of ideas to our organization that gives them a competitive edge in the market. It is therefore inhumane to try and penalize those employers who embrace diversity and employ immigrants in their organizations. (Thompson 153).

In conclusion, the issue of immigration may attract so many feelings in reference to the society we are living in. Though having illegal immigrants is wrong, it is even worse to punish the children of these immigrants in provision of such basic requirements like education. It is unfair to them as well as to us, as we may be creating a society that is ignorant.

Though it is necessary to have control of the people in the country, we should also assimilate the ones already in our system since they can offer much, especially when it comes to economic matters.

Work cited

Brittan, Arthur. “Meanings and situations.” London: Routledge , 1973.

New York Times. “Immigration and Emigration.” 2 Feb 2011. New York Times. 10 April 2011 .

Thompson, Kenneth. “The Early Sociology of Race and Ethnicity: Immigration : a world movement and its American significance.” New York: Taylor & Francis , 2005.

Immigration

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In 1886 the statue of “Liberty Enlightening the World,” a gift from
the people of France, was dedicated by President Grover Cleveland. Set at
the entrance to New York, the statue was just in time to greet the biggest
migration in global history.


Between 1880 and World War I, about 22 million men, women, and
children entered the United States. More than a million arrived in each of
the years 1905, 1906, 1907, 1910, 1913, and 1914.

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Not everyone had to travel in steerage. Passengers who could
afford the expense paid for first- or second-class quarters. Upon arrival
these immigrants were examined by courteous officials who boarded the ships
at anchor. But those in steerage were sent to a holding center for a full
physical and mental examination. The facility at Ellis Island which opened
in 1892 could process up to 5,000 people a day. On some days between 1905
and 1914 it had to process more than 10,000 immigrants a day.


Many arrivals had left their homelands to escape mobs who attacked
them because of their ethnicity, religion, or politics. The German,
Russian, Austro-Hungarian, and Ottoman (Turkish) empires ruled over many
different peoples and nationalities and often cruelly mistreated them.


Until 1899, U.S. immigration officials asked arrivals which nation
they had left, not their religion or ancestry. So oppressed people were
listed under the countries from which they fled. Armenians who escaped
from Turkey were recorded as Turks, and Jews who had been beaten by mobs in
Russia were listed as Russians.


This so called “new immigration” was different in many other ways
from previous immigration. For the first time, Catholic an Jewish
immigrants outnumbered Protestants, and still other arrivals were Muslims,
Buddhists, or Greek or Russian Orthodox church members.


Until 1897, 90 percent of all overseas immigrants had come from
Protestant northern and western Europe. Many of these nations had
democratic traditions and education systems. Even among the poor, many had
spent a few years in school or had acquired some industrial skills on the
job, and more than a few spoke English. Many of these men and women
settled in agriculture regions of the Untied States. Their goal was to buy
readily available land and start small family farms.


The people of the new immigration differed from earlier arrivals on
other ways. Very few spoke English, and some could not read or write any
language. Most were Catholic, but ten percent were Jewish.


All of this was soon proved to be not true. Only one third were
actually illiterate, and 90 percent of those who could not speak English
learned to do in less than ten years after they arrived. Their stamina
helped make America an industrial giant and the world’s economic power.


The new immigrants came at a turning point in American growth.


Bosses rarely knew their workers. Class animosity often divided management
and labor.


Corporations showed little interest in their workers. Instead,
these business sought to maximize profits.


To lower wages, plant managers often tried to pit one racial,
religious, or ethnic minority against another to keep the pot of hostility
boiling. A labor paper reported that employers were “keeping up a constant
war of the races.” Bosses placed spies among their employees so they could
report “troublemakers” – any who urged workers to organize unions.

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