Philosophy is defined as love of wisdom and has existed for centuries.
The main objective is to enable man understand nature and its processes in totality. In the past, religious interpretations dominated philosophy whereas modern philosophy is skeptic on nature. This paper reviews selected modern philosophers and their ideologies.
A fiery critic of the Papacy doctrines, Martin Luther believed that any good choice made by man has to be founded on God’s principles and not from institutions like Roman Catholic Church, which was based on unfounded doctrines for the sake of self gratification. He believed the church had deliberately created a wedge between Christians and Clergy on the pretext that Clergies were superior in spiritual realm compared to Christians (Baumer 184). Ministers of God’s word must be role models to Christianity by serving with sole purpose of nourishing Christian souls and not for their selfish ambitions. There exists no difference between Clergies and Christians because God judges them equally; they all need to repent for them to be redeemed of their sins (Baumer 185). He passionately describes Christian freedom as that having everything to do with God’s grace and not human necessity (Baumer 188).
If Christians are to make choices based on their necessity then the will of Satan will prevail because choices are captives to will of God or will of Satan (Baumer 189).
Erasmus strongly believed that the contemporary society faults as a consequence of their disassociation from God’s leadership. He points out that all members of a society irrespective of their cadre and occupation are only interested in self gratification in their undertakings thereby propagating vices (Baumer 152). Professions took advantage of ignorance in ordinary people by wittingly and cunningly defending their ideologies to life. He warns that one has to be careful to selective ideologies of others and seek God’s intervention to religious teachings. He blames Roman Catholic Church for nurturing untrue doctrines. Finally he is certain that leadership has to be based on Christian foundations (Baumer 158). His advice on qualities of good leadership includes: being fair to all, educating the youth on true Christian doctrines and good morals by dedicated instructors.
This is true because the society today is a product of the quality of upbringing accorded to the young ones. If the young ones are exposed to virtues early in life then they will exhibit them later in life but if their foundations are based on vices then the same will be replicated later in their lives and to the society.
He was convinced that painting is superior in respect to other arts. Through painting, a complex intertwined process is initiated in the painter’s mind with simple ideas which are nurtured to produce products with great quality. Science is full of errors and rigid since it fully depends on manuals for references contrary to painting which occur naturally (Baumer 139). Paintings thus represents nature in its very finer details unlike science which was both mechanical in thinking and execution.
Professions based on open thinking were much better as compared to those which were based on routines. Leonardo DaVinci views painting as a vital delicate process that commences with simple ideas that are nurtured to complex presentation and thus etched to brain more permanently than sciences (Baumer 139).
The philosopher believes that life is a process composed of activities that are similar and repetitive in nature as depicted by spiral patterns appearing in a floral arrangement (Olsen 12). He conceptualizes human life to that of a flower. Young individuals have limited involvement with other members of a society. During the youthful stage, an individual has a lot of potential as there is plenty of association with the society. At later stages in life again interaction mimics the pattern taken during the young stage where interactions are limited. There is great importance when people within the society however much they differ in roles, may unite for the sole purpose of executing a worthy course.
Their work should be as prudent as the shinning of a flower.
A member of Cambridge religious reformers, Biley noticed double speak in the Papal system which advocated for salvation through good deeds, whereas the lives of their clergies depicted otherwise. The Papal church was a centre of falsehood meant for recognition rather than building of Christian lives (Baumer 176). We are all equal before God irrespective of our status and we all must repent our sins to God for the purposes of sanctification (Baumer 177). Concerning spiritual holiness, he advocates that Christians base their faith on doctrines of God rather than works of man who is skewed in the teachings for own sake (Baumer 177). He summarizes by acknowledging that anything done by human beings without God’s intervention is void (Baumer 178).
Baumer, Franklin Le Van.
Main Currents of Western Thought. (4th Ed). New Haven CT: Yale University Press, 1978. Print.Olsen, Scott. The Golden Section: Nature’s Greatest Secret.
New York: Walker, 2006. Print.