1. Confabulation means: A. Conversation with an imaginary person B.
Misinterpretation of stimuli C. Perception in the absence of stimuli D. Making up stories to fill up gaps in memory Confabulation—uses imaginary events in the early phase of the illness. Chronic alcoholism causes Wernicke’s – Korsakoff’s syndrome Wernicke’s encephalopathy is the acute phase of delirium preceding the amnesic syndrome, while Korsakoff’s syndrome is the chronic phase of amnesic syndrome.
Treatment for chronic alcoholism causing Wernicke’s encephalopathy – thiamine (high doses) Prognosis is often poor in Korsakoff’s syndrome. 2. The active substance in hashish is: A. Morphine B. LSD C. Mescaline D. Tetrahydrocannabinol 3. Physical withdrawal symptoms are absent in patients A.
Alcohol B. Cannabis C. Opium D.
Pethidine Complications of cannabis include: 1. Transient/short lasting psychiatric disorders. 2. Amotivational syndrome (lethargy, apathy, loss of interest, amnesia, reduced drive and ambition) 3. Hemp inanity – “Run amok” 4.
Memory impairment, worsening / relapse of psychosis or mood disorder 5. Reversible inhibition of spermatogenesis. 4. Tactile hallucinations are seen with: A.
Alcohol B. Heroin C. Cocaine D. Fortwin-phenergan combination Cocaine-street name “crack” combination with opiates called – “speedball” acute intoxicatory state. Mydriasis, tachycardia, Ht, ^ sweating, nausea and vomiting, hypo manic picture with impaired judgment and socio-occupational functioning. Withdrawal Syndrome: Mild physical but very strong psychological dependence +.
5. All the following are features of opioid withdrawal, except: A. Diarrhea B. Lacrimation C. Rhinorrhea D. Miosis Opioid withdrawal causes mydriatic effect. 6. Morbid jealousy is seen with the use of: A.
Alcohol B. Opium C. Cannabis D. Amphetamine Is a form of delusional conjugal paranoiamen are more commonly involved. Onset is often sudden. 7. The drug of choice in delirium tremens is: A.
Diazepam B. Phenytoin C. Chlordiazepoxide D. Morphine The drugs of choice are benzodiazepines: Chlordiazepoxide (80-200 mg/day) or diazepam (40- 80 mg/day). 8.
Treatment is NOT required for withdrawal symptoms of: A. Cannabis B. Alcohol C. Amphetamine D. LSD No withdrawal syndrome has been described with LSD use Flash back phenomena – occurs sometimes within weeks to months after the first experience. 9. All the following are the features of alcohol withdrawal except: A. Hyper somnolence B.
Epileptic seizure C. Restlessness D. Hallucination 10. Symptomatic treatment is not required in withdrawal of: A.
Cannabis B. Morphine C. Alcohol D. Cocaine 11. All the following drugs have abuse liability, except: A. Buprenorphine B. Alprazolam C. Fluoxetine D.
Dextropropoxyphene 12. Disulfiram acts by: A. Inhibiting alcohol dehydrogenase B. Inhibiting aldehyde dehydrogenase C. Both of the above D. None of the above 14. An alcoholic is brought to the emergency OPD with the complaint of irrelevant talking.
He had stopped using alcohol three days back. On examination he is found to be disoriented to time, place, and person. He also has visual hallucinations and illusions.
There is no history of head injury. The most likely diagnosis is: A. Dementia praecox B. Delirium tremens C. Schizophrenia D. Korsakoff’s psychosis 15.
A 40-year-old man presents to casualty with history of regular and heavy use of alcohol for 10 years and morning drinking for 1 year. The last alcohol intense was 3 days back. There is no history of head injury or seizures.
On examination, there is no icterus, sign of hepatic encephalopathy, or focal neurological sign. The patient has course tremors, visual hallucinations, and has disorientation to time. Which of the following is the best medicine to be prescribed for such a patient? A. Diazepam B. Haloperidol C. Imipramine D. Naltrexone This patient is in delirium tremens.
16. A 39-year-old carpenter has taken two bottles of liquor from the local shop. After about an hour he develops confusion, vomiting, and blurring of vision. He has been brought to the emergency outpatient department.
He should be given: A. Naloxone B. Diazepam C. Flumazenit D.
Ethyl alcohol It is a case of methyl alcohol poisoning, where in the. metabolism could be replaced by using ethyl alcohol immediately. 17. A 34-year-old rickshaw puller has been using heroic for the past 10 yrs. One evening his family members found him unconscious. He was brought to the causality. On examination he has tachycardia, shallow breathing, constricted pupils, his blood pressure was 100/70 mm of Hg.
He had brisk bilateral deep tendon reflexes. The plantar reflexes were flexor on both sides. Which of the following is the best treatment for him? A.
Buprenorphine B. Flumazenil C. Methadone D. Naloxone 20 to 50 mg/ day of methadone is given to the patient to shift him from “hard” drugs, thus decreasing the IV use. 18. The basic determinant of treatment in drug addicts is: A. Vitamin B-complex therapy B. High intelligence C.
Motivation D. Behaviour therapy 19. The characteristic feature of Alcoholic blackout includes: A.
Amnesia (for events during alcohol drinking) B. Event of no significance C. Malingering D. All the of the above 20. Visual hallucinations are seen in: A.
Phobia B. Alcoholism C. Mania D.
Depression 21. Korsakoff’s syndrome is seen in: A. Uremia B. Alcoholism C. Lead poisoning D. All of the above 22.
Which of the following is true regarding methadone? A. Has better compliance B. Has no addition liability C. Useful for maintenance therapy D. Useful for long term therapy Methadone maintenance is a very popular method. 20 to 50 mg/d of methadone is given to the pt to shift him from hard drugs.
23. Which of the following drug is used in reducing the severity of morphine withdrawal syndrome? A. Apomorphine B. Methadone C. Naloxone D. None 24. Drug dependence occurs due to: A. One having curiosity about use of drugs B.
Sudden withdrawal symptoms C. Development of tolerance D. All of the above 25. Drug of choice in alcohol withdrawal syndrome is: A. Diazepam B. Naloxone C.
Clonidine D. Carbamazepine Drug of choice for alcohol withdrawal are benzodiazepines. Chlordiazepoxide 80 to 200 mg/day or diazepams 40 to 80 mg/d are most frequently used. 26. One of the following is associated with “Punch drunkenness”: A. Boxing B.
Fortwin addiction C. Intravenous alcohol D. Methyl alcohol toxicity 27. “Bad trips” are characteristically associated with the addition of: A.
Cannabis B. Cocaine C. Morphine D. LSD Acute LSD intoxication sometimes presents with an acute panic reaction, known as a bad trip in which the individual experience a loss of control over his self. Recovery usually occurs within 8 to 12 hr of the last dose.
Rarely, the intoxication is severe enough to produce an acute psychotic episode resembling schizophreniform psychosis. Flashback occurs in LSD and cannabis where there is a spontaneous recurrence of the LSD use experience in a drug free state. 28.
Which of the following is not a useful action of morphine and Pethidine? A. Antiemetic B. Antitussive C. Analgesic D. Addictive 29. Amphetamine (Dexedrine) is used in: A. Narcolepsy B. Psychosis C.
Anxiety disorders D. Obsessive-compulsive neurosis 30. Sexual infidelity is commonly associated with: A. Morbid jealousy B. Fear C.
Manic depressive psychosis D. Anxiety neurosis 31. Amotivational syndrome is seen in: A. LSD B. Amphetamine C.
Cannabis D. Cocaine 32. Which of the following is not seen in Korsakoff’s syndrome? A. Clear consciousness B. Inability to learn new things C. Hallucinations D. Confabulation It is due to thiamine deficiency Lesions are seen in manually bodies and bilateral dorso-medial nucleus of thalamus. 33.
Amphetamine psychosis is not characterized by: A. Mania B. Tactile hallucinations C. Clear sensorium D. Loosing of associations and paranoia.
Amphetamine produces a psychosis which closely resembles paranoid schizophrenia. 34. Cannabis has not been used for the following medicinal purpose: A. Nausea B.
Epilepsy C. Tics D. Glaucoma Therapeutic user of cannabis – nausea caused by cancer chemotherapy, bronchial asthma, epilepsy, glaucoma, dystonia.
35. Naloxone is an antidote for all except: A. Pethidine B. Pentazocine C. Buprenorphine D. Diphenoxylate As buprenorphine is a mixed against – antagonist. 36.
Delirium tremens (DT) is precipitated by: A. Shock after sever injury B. Sudden excess of alcohol uptake C. Acute withdrawal of alcohol D. All of the above Remember- 5 per cent of alcoholics get DT. Recovery is seen by 1 week. 37.
Amnesic reaction and delirium are seen with: A. Alcohol B. Opiates C. Cannabis D.
Amphetamines Amnesic syndrome—Korsakoff’s described it and it is named after him It is due to damage to mamillary body and dorsal and medial thalamic nucleus. 38. The characteristic features of Korsakoff’s psychosis are: A. Loss of recent memory and impaired learning B. Hallucinations C.
Delusions D. Convulsion Korsakoff’s syndrome has impaired recent memory and new learning ability remote memory is intact. It is due to thiamine deficiency caused by chronic alcohol use.
39. Morbid jealousy is seen with: A. Alcoholism B. LSD addiction C.
Schizophrenia D. Dementia Morbid jealousy is occurrence of delusion of infidelity seen in alcoholism also termed Othello syndrome. 40. Wernicke’s encephalopathy occurs due to deficiency of: A. Thiamine B. Cyanocobalamin C. Riboflavin D. Pyridoxine 41.
Alcohol withdrawal is treated with: A. Oxazepam B. Disulfiram C. Amitryptiline D. Chlordiazepoxide Chlordiazepoxide and diazepam are most frequently used. 42. Which of the following is the direct evidence of alcohol addiction? A.
Withdrawal symptoms B. Memory disturbance C. Confabulation D.
Cirrhosis Definite evidence of addition of a substance – withdrawal symptoms. Other Features: Desire Loss of control Tolerance Salience Harmful use 43. In delirium tremens, not seen is: A. Agitation B. Depression C. Perceptual disturbances D. Disorientation in time Features of DT—Altered sensorium – Autonomic – Perceptual disturbance. 44.
Mandrax is a combination of a hypnotic and: A. Antihistaminic B. Analgesic C. Antipyretic D. None of the above 45. Magnan phenomenon occurs in addition with: A.
Cannabis B. Cocaine C. Morphine D.
Alcohol 46. The drug of choice for delirium tremens: A. Diazepam B. Phenobarbitone C. Disulfiram D. Chloral hydrate Patients with delirium tremens need hospitalization.
47. Non-addicting drug useful for suppressing symptoms of opioid withdrawal is: A. Clonidine B. Cyclazocine C. LAAM D. Methadone Clonidine, LAAM and Methadone are used in opioid withdrawal.
LAAM and Methadone have addictions potential. 48. All of following are features of alcohol withdrawal syndrome, except: A. Hallucination B. Delusion C. Drowsiness D. Obsession. Simple withdrawal – Tremors, nausea, vomiting, hangover, irritability, insomnia, anxiety severe withdrawal – delirium tremens, alcoholic hallucinosis.
49. All of the following are features of morphine withdrawal, A. Piloerection B. Insomnia C.
Constipation D. Increased nasal secretion Symptoms of morphine withdrawal will include lacrimation, rhinorrhea, sweating, diarrhea, tachycardia, mild hypertension, insomnia, muscle cramps, raised body temperature. 50. Opiate withdrawal is linked with: A. Chlorpromazine B. Nalorphine C. Methadone D. Pethidine 51.
Drug abuse of which substance shows symptoms similar to Schizophrenia: A. LSD B. Heroin C.
Amphetamine D. Cannabis 52. The drug of choice in alcohol withdrawal is: A. Haloperidol B. Lithium C. Benzodiazepine D.
Chlordiazepoxide Diazepam can also be used 53. All the following are drugs used in heroin withdrawal except: A. Haloperidol B. Buprenorphine C.
Clonidine D. Dextropropoxyphene 54. By which of the following is alcohol dependence best indicated: A. Black outs B. Withdrawal symptoms C. Early morning drinking D. Physical complaints 55. A 60-year-old female alcoholic who is a heavy drinker hears voice of people discussing their intention to kill her.
She also has decreased sleep and feels sael. The diagnosis is: A. Psychotic features with depression B. Wernicke-korsakoff C. Delirium tremens D.
Alcoholic hallucinosis Alcohol hallucinosis occurs in 2 per cent of alcoholics. Hallucinations occur in clear consciousness. The conditions have to be differentiated from delirium tremens. 56. A 42-year-old chronic alcoholic meets with an accident and suddenly stops drinking. He presents with tremor, immaturity, poor attention span, andan inability to identify his family members 24 hours later.
The diagnosis is: A. Wernicke’s encephalography B. Delirium tremens C. Alcohol intoxication D. Acute psychosis Features of Delirium tremens: It occurs within 2 to 4 days of abstinence Clouding of consciousness Poor attention span Visual and auditory hallucinations Moved autonomies disturbance Psychomotor agitation and ataxia Insomnia Dehydration with electrolyte unbalance.
57. A person drinking alcohol says that he is doing so to overcome family problems. The defense mechanism involved is: A. Rationalization B. Denial C. Projection D.
Minimalization Answer1.D 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.D 6.A 7.A 8.D 9.A 10.A 11.C 12.B 13.A 14.B 15.A 16.D 17.C 18.C 19.A 20.B 21.D 22.C 23.B 24.B 25.A 26.A 27.D 28.A 29.A 30.A 31.C 32.C 33.A 34.C 35.C 36.D 37.A 38.A 39.A 40.A 41.D 42.A 43.B 44.A 45.B 46.A 47.A 48.D 49.C 50.C 51.C 52.D 53.A 54.B 55.D 56.B 57.A