Revised Taking care of vulnerable people 2) Strengthening

 Revised
Turkey-EU Migration Deal

 

Turkey
hosts the largest refugee population in the world. Turkey is a strategic partner
for EU. The
new EU-Turkey deal is a revised but conditional agreement. Without an
alternative plan to cooperation with Turkey, EU could face serious problem. The agreement provides political gains for both entities.  It
is constructed on the basis of a win-win strategy. It can be
interpreted that EU secures its borders while Turkey maximizes its benefit
with a process. Turkey wants to use the refugee crisis
to pressure EU to achieve its political goals and financial benefits.
In particular the revised agreement
suggested the following:

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1) Supporting
Syrians under international protection and the Turkish host communities:

 

a. The EU’s
commitments

• Providing financial
aid to improve Turkey’s domestic situation via
humanitarian association (EU will not direct finance to
the government)

• Continued
provision of assistance,it has already mobilised by the EU for Syrian
refugees in Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and displaced within Syria itself

 

b. Turkey’s
commitments


Implementing legislation related to international protection

• Registering
migrants and facilitating their identification


Facilitating refugee access to public services(education, healthcare, economic
participation)

• Taking care
of vulnerable people

 

2)
Strengthening cooperation to prevent illegal immigration

 

a. The EU’s
commitments


Communicating on illegal immigration and its dangers

• Informing
migrants of the legal entry procedures into Europe


Strengthening Turkish capabilities in the fight to human trafficking

• Cooperation
between members and Turkey regarding to return and reintegration
procedures

• Deployment
of a Frontex liaison office in Turkey


Participating in development of an asylum,migration,visa system, effective
integrated borders.

 

b. Turkey’s
commitments


Strengthening Turkish detention capabilities

• Cooperating
with Greece and Bulgaria to prevent illegal immigration


Accelerating readmission procedures of illegal migrants who aren’t in need
of int.l protection

• Ensuring
the grant of refugee status to those involved

• Doing more
to counter criminal networks

• Increasing
information exchange and cooperation with the EU and its members

• Modifying
visa procedures with countries at origin of the highest levels of
illegal immigration

• Stepping up
cooperation with Frontex

• Deployment
of a Europol liaison office

Now, facing a number of commitments between Turkey and EU, the two actors have
a major opportunity to move our relationship to a higher level by working
together to deal with short and long term issues that are of main
importance for both. In some ways, both actors are making a fresh start.
R.T.Erdo?an became first Turkish president directly elected by people. EU
Commission headed by Jean-Claude Juncker. One of commission’s vice
presidents, Federica Mogherini became recent EU high representative for foreign
policy. Donald Tusk re-elected for presidency of European Council of EU
heads of state& government. These dynamics in the Turkish and EU
political leaderships coincided with the revised migration deal.

This decision to re-create dynamics with the European External
Action Service help the facilitate Commission’s policy. The review of the
deal will have an impact on the EU-Turkey framework. This effect is to be
felt on the interplay between policies and actions that play a role in bilateral
EU-Turkey relations and in Turkey’s neighborhood. EU policies Syria, Iraq, the
Islamic State influences EU relations with Turkey. It is included in areas
where joint action will occur a political need when it comes to humanitarian
aid for displaced and resettled Syrians and counterterrorism cooperation.

At a more global level, there is another risk in the EU’s
relationship with the new Turkey that was introduced  when Erdo?an
became President. Turkey is pursuing religious conservative
policies.  Anti Western narrative captured our country’s
leadership. Among these trends, there is a danger that Turkey will be persuaded
itself that it is distant from its allies. Such an ideological gap develop
contradictory to Turkey’s fundamental approach to West in terms of military and
economy. Turkey could run contrary to the NATO and toward  EU.  The risks of such a conflict for
Turkey in terms of its economic welfare, social coherence, national security
would be endless. The risks for the EU would have at least same importance.

 

 From an EU point of view, institutional triangle created by
Donald Tusk, Jean Claude Juncker, Federica Mogherini will keep the
opportunity to run EU foreign policy in a more coherent and integrated than
during the 5 years of the implementation of the Lisbon Treaty. EU members
will have to decide how best to give an effect on future of Turkey’s
democracy. That is going to be first issue of EU methodology.

From a Turkish point of view, there is a need to reconfirm that
whether Turkish leadership keep a desire to adopt common EU values or not. Given
the review of our politics and recent instability in our region, the EU should
re-engage Turkey both on domestic reforms, via the EU membership process,
and on foreign policy issues, via counterterrorism. That would be a safer hypotesis
than current institutional deadlocks and previous approaches.

The step forward could be comprehensive strategy. Turkey no more consider EU
accession as main objective, this aim into a wider framework to reflect
nature of EU-Turkey relations.  Turkey is
giving up the following trends. EU need to address key components of Turkey’s
democracy. The EU should present alternative models instead of full
membership such as a privileged partnership. The EU will have more bargaining
power against Turkey’s full membership. From this perspective, the EU will
eventually offer a model where Turkish products and people will move freely,
this agreement will fail to grant full membership to Turkey. That is
why Turkey should be careful against propositions which suggest
partial membership alternatives.

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