Significance (TUBS) with micro holes positioned at the

Significance of the Study

The findings of the study potentially provides further advancements in
the field of the three-dimensional paper-based microfluidic devices through the creation
of a device’s accessorySM1  which is the TUBS.
In relation to diagnosis of UTI through
the markers pH, nitrite, and leukocyte, the device may aid communities, especially those in remote areas to conduct early detection and fast
preliminary diagnosis of UTI.

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The device is also useful in both surveys and statistical researches for
urinary analysis upon large-scale group testing in rural communities as it is
portable and highly-reproducible in nature. Because the device is
cost-effective, non-invasive, and can deliver results faster than laboratory
urinalysis, the design can be used in analysis of UTI especially within remote
areas that do not have access to other UTI diagnosis tests. This is critical in
improving the conveniency of UTI diagnostics for the people within the rural
areas, wherein cost-effectiveness and easy performance of the device are two of
the leading advantages.

SM2 a tubular urinary basin section (TUBS) at the center of the device that
is specifically designed to
standardize time intervals within each microfluidic channel allowing uniformity
in the reading of results while maintaining sensitivity of the sample (Sherman,
1975). The addition of this design in a given
microfluidic device template may possibly improve efficiency of the
three-dimensional paper-based microfluidic device. This design ultimately provides
improvements in both speed and sensitivity of the results.


Scope and Limitations of the Study

This study challenges the
traditional design of a three-dimensional paper-based microfluidic device used
to test other biological conditions or medical assays by tackling a different
approach with a novel design of the device with time-sensitive channel design and the convinency of administerring through a cup
instead of syringe. Similarly, this study will integrate the tubular urinary
basin section (TUBS) with micro holes positioned at the microfluidic channels
to improve the means of administration of the urine. With the use of the TUBS,
wind will ideally play a factor in speeding up wicking fluid flow from the
basin to the assay (Sherman, 1975). Subsequently, the TUBS minimizes waiting
time for diagnostic tests, making it possible to be used in emergency point-diagnosis.
SM3 This research is not a continuation of any previous researches.


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