Space ExplorationSince the beginning of time, man has beenfascinated with the stars and sky. From the time the first man tookhis first step on the moon, space exploration has been growing and expanding.More and more people are coming up with new ways on how to study the universe.Hence, the more time spent on studying the sky, the more that we will obviouslyknow. So, it would be safe to say that now is a great time to continuethe exploration of space. The 1990s contributed to the study ofspace with new technology, intelligent astronauts, and future ideas.During the 1990s new technology and spacecrafts were introduced.
There have been numerous space launches throughoutthis decade that made great impacts on the exploration of space.For example, “On June 26, 1995, the Space Shuttle Atlantis embarked ona rendezvous with Russian space station Mir during a ten day mission onSTS-71” (Shipman 65). Cosmonauts were transferred to and fromAtlantis, and Astronaut Norman Thagard was returned from Mir, having arrivedon Soyuz-TM 21, and made a new American space endurance record of 115 days.This was huge for the astronomical community because of the increase inthe length of space voyages. Also, “On December 7, 1995, the Galileospacecraft arrived at Jupiter, performing an orbit while dropping a probeinto the atmosphere, and put a satellite into orbit, which will spent thenext two years orbiting the planet” (Shipman 72). This wasimportant because it spent a significant amount of time researching theatmosphere and celestial bodies. It was able to make numerous observationsduring this time.
Lastly, “NASA launched the first in the Discoveryseries of spacecraft, the Near-Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) spacecraft,aboard a Delta II-7925-8 rocket on February 17, 1996” (Shipman 85).This rocket explored the asteroids nearest the earth and discovered manyinteresting facts regarding them. However, this couldnt all be accomplishedwithout the help of many talented people.Many astronauts contributed to space exploration.Since there are numerous people that offered their talents to the program,it would be arduous to mention them all. Thus, only four importantexamples will be given of people that work for the space program.The first is James P.
Bagian. James is a member of the AerospaceMedicine Association, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, andthe Society of NASA Flight Surgeons. He worked as a flight surgeonand medical officer at Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, a NASA astronaut,and an Astronaut Office Coordinator. Under this title, he plannedemergency medical and rescue support for the first six shuttle flights.He has spent a total of 337 hours in space and served on the Crew of STS-40Spacelab Life Sciences, which is the first dedicated life sciences mission.(Jasani 113). Another famous astronaut is Tamara E.
Jenigan.She participated in the American Astronomical Association. Even thoughher experience isnt as vast as James, she still contributed in her ownway.
She served as a research scientist in the Theoretical StudiesBranch and performed software verification and spacecraft communication.She was the Deputy Chief of Astronaut Office and Assistant for the Stationto the Chief of the Astronaut Office. She also embarked on many spaceflights on the Space Shuttle Colombia and the S.S. Endeavour. (Jasani234). Phillippe Perin, another NASA astronaut of the 1990s, didmany exciting things as well. He participated in 26 combat missions,and completed more than 2500 flying hours in space.
He had technicalduties in the Astronaut Office Spacecraft Systems/Operations Branch.And, on top of all of this, he was a mission specialist. (Jasani265). The last astronaut mentioned is Jeffrey N. Williams.
He participated in many organization, however his most recognized is theSociety of Experimental Test Pilots. He also partook in many armyassignments including being an aeroscout platoon leader. He was involvedin the shuttle launch and landing operations and was an engineer pilotin the Shuttle Avionics Integration Lab. Also, he was named the Chiefof the Operations Development Office. This led to his involvementin the technical duties in the Astronaut Office Spacecraft System/OperationsBranch.
And, it was these people that came up with ideas for thefuture. (Jasani 288).The 1990s brought about many future ideas.While there are many different organizations that contribute to the futuretechnology of space, NASA probably does the most. Under thisorganization, the Advanced Space Transportation Program supports the long-rangebasic research. This consists of airframe propulsion and long-termspace transportation research. They have put forth many ideas.One example of this is the rocket engine.