Taking who would like to participate in the

consent is not an easy process as we are getting someone permission by using
their data, knowledge and experience to use in a research and at the same time
we need to maintain the integrity of the information we have so it would have
not leaked out to other stranger that might use it for wrong purposes. The
process is importance in any form of research either is in written or verbal
informed consent. In the new world now days, almost everything we do require to
have informed consent. The purpose to ensure the participants well verse about
coming event that they are about to participate and confidentiality of their
information. In the other hand, it is also protecting the other company which
is the provider or researcher especially when there are medical issues being

it comes about taking the consent, the researcher should have explained in
detail of the objectives and components of the research. The investigator
should inform the future participants of all aspects of the research so that
they are able to persuade the participants to willingly joining them in the
research. The participants must aware the risk or benefit from the research and
they can ask any enquiries regarding the research that they are going to. Any
enquires should be handle in full manner and professional way as to give a good
impression on how serious they are (researcher) to get the participant’s
attention to be a part of the research.

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are a few issues that might disturb smoothness of the process taking the
consent. The common issue is language. Most of consent are written in English
version and there are in certain country, they will use their own national
language to prepare the consent. For those who would like to participate in the
research but unable to do so because they are not fully understanding the
concept and need extra hands to help them translating the consent form thus
it’s become time consuming. Some of if due to their unwillingness despite a
strong explanation has given to the respective participant. Another reason
could be that they are afraid of chances being misuses of their data by the
researcher. If patient insist for not to be part of the research, just let them
go and do not create any force on them. Participants do have right to refuse in
any sort of treatment if they wanted too.

we are taking the consent, it must ethically relevant always. Patient’s priory
comes first, and their own values is something that we must respect. There are
certain principles has been discussed related to this topic. The ethical principles
emphasized more on beneficence and do no harm to them. So, as for that there
are five ethical principles should be considered when carrying out a research.

principle number one is minimising the risk of harm to participants. The type
of harm can be subjective to such as physically, discomfort and distress or an
invasion to participant’s privacy. There is no reason why researcher wanted to
put any harm to the participant’s, but it is something that we could consider
the risk of harm that we should try to be minimised.

principle number two is obtaining informed consent which is the heart of the
research. Explanation and details of research need to be inform and well
understand by the participants. Participants must be voluntarily, no force nor
being lied to be involve in the research. This step should not be left out or
take for granted. Is this important to get the participants understand almost about
everything related to the research. In the other hand, by making sure that
these participants can deliver the information truthfully and we can get a proper
structured research at the end.

anonymous and confidentiality is the third principle of research ethics. In research,
these two components are important as we should take care the information giving
by the participants. Confidentiality itself in research means that the data
must be protected but how far we could say and promise that data is being 100%
protected and would not leak out. In research, the step of processing the data
will go through some level of analysis and this could make the date been
exposed to other people. Researcher must maintain the promises of keeping the
data right at the place and privacy is applied. By making the participants anonymous,
some how the researcher will unable to share the outcome of the research that
they have participated. Probably, they need to come out some coding to identify
the participant and at the same time no one able to know about the

integrity of informed consent will be ruined if the investigator is not being
honest to the participants as they are not informing them the nature of
research. Avoiding deceptive practices makes the fourth principle of research
ethics. Any kind of these action is not appropriate to make in to a practice at
all. A research developed from this kind of action should not being honoured. As
for the research involving deception, research participants cannot be deceived
about the significant aspects of the research that would affect their
willingness to participate or that could give harm to physically and
emotionally. The true informed consent cannot be given if underlying misinformation
has been used in the research.

the fifth principle is providing the right to withdraw from the research. Even though
with good explanation of the objectives of the research has been well informed
and clear understanding, yet the participants might still refuse to involve in
the activity. They have the right to withdraw their participation in the research
project. No one could force another human to do something that he/her do not
want to do. When a participant made their mind in drawing from research study, they
should not being put under pressure or be threaten. The investigator must have
an open mindset and respect the other people’s right.


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