The granddaddy of all skyscrapers and now a National Historic Landmark, the Empire State Building (ESB), with its central Manhattan location, offers the best views of New York City. It is still one of the world’s tallest buildings. This New York icon was completed in 1931. Its famous Art Deco spire, visible throughout much of New York, is immortalized in countless movies, including King Kong and Sleepless in Seattle. The Empire State Building is located in Manhattan at 350 Fifth Avenue, between Thirty-third and Thirty-fourth Street. The building’s splendor and lift, its very being remain a magical presence, a cynosure for the city’s residents, a Mecca for visitor.
The idea for the empire State Building emerged from the culture and politics of New York in the early twentieth century, as Democratic presidential candidate Al smith spearheaded plans to erect the world’s tallest skyscraper in a competition with founder of the Chrysler Corp. The construction of the Empire State Building began in March of 1930. It was completed 14 months later in May 1931. It was designed by the architectural firm of Shreve, Lamb, ; Harmon Associate. The Empire State Building, at 102 stories, was the tallest building in the world until the completion of the first tower of the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan in 1972. Its cost is $40,948,900. (Include land) building alone is $24,718,000. The building is 102 stories high. It is 1,472 feet to top of antennae; it is 1,250 feet to 102nd floor observatory; area of site is 79,288 square feet. Its structure materials include steel, concrete and brick. Its exterior materials include Indiana limestone and granite, trimmed with aluminum and chrome-nickel steel from the 6th floor to the top. Its interior lobby materials are ceiling high marble, imported from France, Italy, Belgium, and Germany.
The foundation of the ESB is special that is strong enough to help holding this building up. When foundation was dug, and then a cast-iron sill was set into a base. A hollow, cylindrical column, were box columns with a core selection the heaviest rolled columns, was bolted perpendicular to the sill, When a pair of adjoining post was in place, a lintel was bolted to line them. The process continued horizontally and vertically, floors were laid, and a new style of building resulted. Interior spaces were a series of self-contained boxes, each an island, entire of itself. Since the units were self-supporting, there was no need for thick walls to support the load of the building, as a result, large expanses of windows punctuated by delicate cast-iron columns created a rhythmic balance outside and well-lit spaces inside. (Banister, 1975)
No only because its majesty that made it a miracle, but because of the harmony of design, with all the elements balanced in true classical form, is sheer elegance. Its style is Art Deco. Art Deco Architect in America took the squares, circles, and triangles of plant geometry and merged them with the cone, cube, and sphere of solid geometry to create their own sacred geometry. All of those can be see from the Empire State building. . The shape of the Empire State Building is modeled from a pencil held skyward. Polygons are seen throughout the entire building, inside and out. The most noticeable being about the windows, they are rectangular in shape. Average window size is 4’2” time 6’8-1/2” tall. The building top was outfitted with elaborate lighting to call attention to itself while enhancing the nighttime skyline with the play of light. Stainless steel, which uses in the ESB for the mullions that race up the sides, is one of the great secrets of the building subtlety and aesthetic satisfaction. On
the base and up to the second setback is stone that has been cut into sets of vertical, convex bands, rather like a three-dimensional scallop motif. These bands make the lower part of the building appear stouter, and although they are the same limestone as the rest of the building, they nevertheless add coloration by virtue of the shadows they cast. The midsection seems firmer, more solid. From it, the upper tower rises unencumbered. The top five floors were chamfered, their corners cut away and softened so