Vaccinations sick and that is where actual and

                Vaccinations
have become a very heated argument since the 20th century. There are
those that believe vaccinations are the key to keeping our kids healthy, while
there are some that think vaccinations are making our kids sick and that is
where actual and perceived risks come into play. There is currently no federal
law that mandates everyone be vaccinated but every state has laws that require
vaccinations and also when enlisting in the military. In this paper, I will be
talking about the types of vaccines and how they are developed, along with the
side effects. Many people believe that vaccinations are linked with Autism,
other health conditions, and our immune systems, so I will be discussing all of
these things in detail throughout my paper.

                There
are five main types of vaccines that are recommended for children ages 0-6.
They include: live viruses that have been weakened or altered so they don’t cause
illness; inactivated or killed viruses; inactivated toxins; or
subunit/conjugate. The live or also known as attenuated type of vaccines
include: measles, mumps, rubella (MMR combined vaccine), varicella (also known
as the chickenpox), influenza (nasal spray), and Rotavirus. The inactivated or
killed type of vaccines include: polio and hepatitis A. Inactivated toxin type vaccines
include Diphtheria, tetanus which is part of DTaP combined immunization. Last, are
the subunit and conjugate type of vaccines include: Hepatitis B, influenza
(injection), Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib), Pertusis (part of DTaP
combined immunization), Pneumococcal, and Meningococcal.

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                Did
you know that a vaccine can take up to two years to develop? Vaccines are made
using the disease-causing virus or bacteria, but in a form that will not be
harmful. A vaccine uses the weakened, killed, or partial virus or bacteria to attack
the immune system and your immune system then builds up antibodies against the
disease. Vaccines are created through a general three-step process after the
body determines how the virus and/or bacteria will need to be adjusted in order
to work. An antigen are generated in the first step. Viruses are either grown
in primary cells or on continuous cell lines and bacteria is grown in bioreactors.
The second step is the antigen is isolated from the cells that were used to create
it. The final step is that the vaccine is made by adding adjuvant, stabilizers,
and preservatives. The purpose for adjuvant is to increase the immune response
of the antigen; the purpose of the stabilizers is to increase the vaccine’s
storage life; and the purpose of the preservatives is to allow for the use of
multi-dose vials.

                We
all know that side effects come along with any medication we take, as it is the
same with vaccines. Vaccines have to be approved by the FDA, so before being
approved they have to be tested for safety and endlessly monitored for safety. Having
an allergic reaction following a vaccination is very rare but there are some
mild side effects that some people may experience. Those side effects include:
pain, redness, tenderness or swelling at the site of injection, fatigue, headache,
itching at the site of injection, nausea, dizziness or fainting, fever, or mild
rash.

                Although
there are actual documented risks with vaccinations that I will discuss later, I
first want to talk about the perceived risks that have parents refusing to
vaccinate their children. A reason some parents are against their children
receiving vaccines is because of safety concerns.             

                

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