All over the world, the issue that has been of great concern is globalization. To achieve this, interconnectivity in all parts of the world is technologically advancing with regard to means of communication, business opportunities, political ideologies, cultural beliefs and norms as well as trade (Johnson 1).
As a result, a global village where connectivity is easily attainable is created. This increases the rate at which nations connect with each other so as to benefit from expanded business opportunities as well as enhanced network of communication. As much as globalization has positive effects on nations and organizations, it also affects the lives of individuals.
Perspective between 2006 and 2056
The lives of the Chinese farmers revolve around the farm.
They entirely depend on rice, wheat and other crops for their daily upkeep. In general, farming in China is the backbone of country’s economy. Actually, many people find their employment in the agricultural sector in China. With technological advances, production of farming for domestic use as well as export has been increasing in recent years. Because of globalization China has been able to establish a network of communication with the global market thus making it easier for farm produce to be exported across borders. A report indicates that China is now ready to start producing genetically modified crops. This in turn enhances the levels of production. Where as large scale farmers improve with the change in market strategies all the way to the year 2056, the small-scale farmer is left lagging behind still practicing ancient farming systems, still expecting to earn a living.
In return, the competition in production between the small subsistence farmers and the large scale farmers lowers down leaving the large scale farmers to take dominance the market. As such, the small scale farmer continues being impoverished. In view of the world in the next 50 years, peasant farmers will be disoriented in terms of communication and market opportunities.
This is due to failure to globally grow in line with others as a result of technological as well as social factors. Unless measures are put in place to help such farmers improve with the change in technology, the challenge in 50 years to come will be on the widened gap between the poor and the rich. In Africa, globalization has increasingly provided opportunities for development and improved living standards. Presently, most African countries are working on regionalism that is the road to globalization. As a result, borders and regional blocks are gradually decreasing hence giving way for multilateral trade liberation.
However, the rate at which Africa is globally growing is not comparable to other nations as the United States and or Europe. According to research, Africa as a continent is globally far behind in terms of economic development. Whereas world growth in general is radically improving due to globalization, this may not be the case for most parts of Africa. World Bank report shows that most of the population in the world depends on a dollar per day for survival. This case is true for developing countries as African countries where the majority of the population, approximately a third of the population operate below the poverty line (Hope 18). With such statistics, the global future does not hold much for an African parent in the next 50 years to come. For such a parent who barely spends less than a dollar on her large family, (meaning that in such a family, quality education may not be accessed) globalization may not mean much because they have nothing to share in the global market.
Even though this is true for Africa as a continent in the next 50 years, the governments can reverse the situation. This can be achieved through working on policies such as the trade policy and the macroeconomic policy. Trade policy helps liberalization of trade in regions thus increasing the chance for economic growth (The impact of globalization 20). Unlike the case for developing countries as China and Africa, where globalization threatens to increase the rate of unemployment and thus lower the Gross Domestic Product, in the United States, such a move is well planned for and anticipated by many individuals as well as cooperates. For countries such as the United States, development can be traced back when most third world countries were still struggling for national liberation from colonies.
Hence, many were left behind with regard to development. Since globalization is an issue initiated by the western world, the rate at which the world is becoming a global village in the view of a U.S software engineer may not be the same as the view of a Chinese farmer or the African parent. To the software engineer, globalization has already taken root and is destined to soar even higher. This is based on the reason that the engineer can reach out to friends and family all over the world through the internet, shop and even market commodities on the internet.
This is only a dream to those living in the third world countries who only hear of computers and internet services, they are yet to see and use them. In prospect, globalization in the United States by the year 2056 will further raise the living standards of the population by making it easier to access services from all over while at a single point. This something that is already practical since technology has played a major role in making communication simple and faster. In addition, most companies due to globalization and favorable trade policies are taking advantage of the global market through banking on operating their business around the globe. In comparison with developing countries, this is hindered by poor trade policy making.
In conclusion, the view of a fully globalised world entirely depends on the current state of a given country. For developed countries, this will be easy to achieve compared to third world countries where it might take a longer time to attain this due to various factors. It is therefore important to note that globalization will not be achieved at the same rate in the world over.
However, to achieve this goal, developed countries can partner with developing countries with the aim of gradually integrating the concept of globalization so that the race towards globalization can be inclusive of third world countries. Once adequate strategies and measures towards globalization are put in place, all will realize the positive impact of globalization and as such, solving global issues will be easier because of unity in global progress.
Hope, Kempe. Development in the third world: From policy failure to policy reform.
New York: M.E Sharpe Inc. 1996.
Print. Johnson, June. Global issues, local arguments: Readings for writing. 2007. Web. The impact of globalization on developing countries. 2003.
Web. 23 August 2010.http://www.essa.org.za/download/2003Conference/MostertJ_The%20Impact%20Of%20Globalisation%20On%20Developing%20Countries.pdf