Tigers are a wonderful species in their own right.
They are elegant andgraceful, but at the same time are ready to fight for their right to survive.Today, in a world of destruction and growth, these tigers have tough day to daychallenges they must face that are steadily growing worse as our society growslarger. What challenges do these magnifecent animals have to deal with in orderto remain a species of elegance and grace and not just another history lesson?Is it possible for these tigers to meet these challenges, to adapt to the rapidchanges in their surroundings? Can they overcome these challenges that have beenthrown at them, these challenges that are decreasing their survival and slowlypushing their species to extincintion? White tigers are an endangered speciesand it is said that less than a dozen have been seen in India in about a hundredyears. In fact no sightings have been reported since 1951.
This may be causedthat the Royal Bengal tiger population has dropped from 40,000 to 1, 800 in thepast ten years, and as few as 1 in every 10,000 tigers is white (www.cranes.org/whitetigers.
com).White tigers are neither albinos nor a special species; they differ from thenormally colored tigers by having blue eyes, a pink nose, and creamy white furwith black stripes. Tigers stripes are just like a human fingerprint, meaningthat no two tigers have the same pattern of stripes. White tigers are notusually born from other white tigers. They get their color from double recessiveallele. A Bengal tiger with two normal alleles or one normal or white allele iscolored orange.
Only a double dose of the mutant allele results in white tigers,and you can only imagine how often that happens (www.cranes.org/whitetigers.com).The white tiger has long been the focus of human fear and respect for years,because of its powerful muscular body, loud roar and frightening snarl,revealing large sharp teeth, tigers spend all of their time alone (Thapar, 115).Each Tiger has its own territory, which it marks by scratching the barks offtrees, spraying urine, and leaving piles of feces (cavendish, 696). Males areparticularly aggressive toward other males and in some cases fights result indeath of the weaker tiger. Their territories may contain 3 or 4 females, but inmost cases the area extends to over 40 SQ miles (dutemple, 15).
Tigers arenocturnal animals and prefer to hunt their food under cover of dense vegetation.They hunt their prey by stalking silently through the trees in a low crouchuntil it is within 66 ft (mcclung, 107). The tiger then bounds forward, knockingits victim over with a swipe of its huge forepaw and pouncing on thevictims back as it falls to the ground (cavendish, 696). Tigers never creep upon their prey in the same direction as the wind is blowing, doing this mayresult in loss of their dinner (morris, 87). Once it has made a kill it thendrags the dead carcas under cover before beginning to feed (Morris, 87). As thetiger eats it will make loud growling and snaraling noises to warn off thepredetors in the area ( Thapar, 52). If for some reason the tiger has to leaveits dinner before it is done eating it will cover the carcas with twigs toensure its meal when it returns (Morris, 88).
Tigers need to eat 40 pounds ofmeat a day and will commonly cover up to 12 miles each night in search of prey(McClung, 150). Tigers usually eat deer, young rhinos, baby elephants,domestic animals at near by farms, and occasionaly leapords (Morris, 88). Oncein a while, you know when it is in the moods for a snack with a little flavor toit, it will eat a human being.
Although this is much less common than you think,tigers are actually very shy and try to steer clear from humans (Morris, 88).Once a tiger has reached 3 to 4 years old, they are old enough to breed. Tigersusually breed every two to three years, and the female is the one that goeslooking for her mate (McClung, 212). You see even in the animal kingdom femalesstill have to do all the work to make anything happen. That is not relevent butI thought I would put it in here just for kicks. How the female searchs is,she walks around leaving her scents on